Monday, April 18, 2016

Царската ж.п. гара / The Royal Railway Station - Sofia / Vienna

По случай международния ден на недвижимите паметници на културата - 18 април.

The railway station in Kazichene village by Sofia was constructed in 1906 to serve the summer residence of Ferdinand I. (then Prince, since 1908 King/Tzar of Bulgaria) and after 1918 to serve to the family of his successor - King/Tzar Boris III.
After the death of King Boris in 1943 and the 1946 unofficial abdication of his wife Queen Jovanna, the daughter Maria Louisa and the son Simeon II, the railway station was abandoned  to face total devastation at present.

Mястото от което Цар Борис III е започвал пътуванията си със собствения си управляван от него локомотив.
The Royal railway station is the place frome where King Boris III had been starting his trips by a locomotive which he drove by himself.


Мястото, от което Цар Борис III започвал пътуванията си с управляван от него локомотив.
The Royal railway station is the place where King Boris III had started from his trips by a locomotive which he drove by himself

Лазерно сканиране на Царската гара в с. Казичене.
Laser scanning of the Royal railway station in Kazichene village by Sofia.

Царската ж.п. гара заснета с дрон.

The Royal railway station shot by a drone.

Царската гара в Казичене тъне в разруха.
The Royal railway station is buried in devastation.

Старата царска ж.п. гара е пред срутване
mediapool - 15.11.2017 г.

* * *

Не така печално стоят нещата с аналогични паметници на културата в други европейски страни.

Императорската дворцова ж.п. гара към градската железница на Виена при лятната императорска резиденция в Шьонбрун е проектирана от арх. Отто Вагнер, 1896-97 и изградена до 1899 г. Независимо че след разпадането на Австро-Унгарската империя през 1919 г., Австрия  става република, днес сградата на гарата е реставрирана и превърната в музей.    
The Imperial Court station to the Vienna city railway system located close to the summer Imperial residence in Schoenbrunn was designed by architect Otto Wagner in 1896-97 and constructed until 1899. Regardless that after the fall of Austrian-Hungarian Empire in 1919, Austria became a republic, at present the building has been strictly restored and turned into a museum.

След края на монархията, павилионът е използван задълго като скулпторско ателие. След 1945 г. гарата е в поругано състояние, отчасти разрушена при бомбардировките. Наета е като място за експозиции от Австрийския музей за социална и икономическа история от 1957 до 1987 г., когато е присъединен към групата на Виенския музей. Проект за реновирането на сградата е осъществен през 1987-1989 г. от арх. Адолф Кришаниц.

After the end of the monarchy, the pavilion was for many years used as a sculptor's studio. After 1945, it was in "derelict" condition, owing in part to damage caused by bombing. The building was rented as an exhibition venue by the Austrian Museum of Social and Economic History (Österreichisches Gesellschafts- und Wirtschaftsmuseum) from 1957 to 1987, when it was integrated into the Wien Museum group. A renovation project was carried out in 1987–1989 by architect Adolf Krischanitz.

The Imperial Court Pavilion at Hietzing station in Vienna

Wednesday, April 6, 2016

DoCoMoMo Journal 54 (2016/1) - Housing Reloaded

The theme of this 54th docomomo Journal is Housing Reloaded facing Post-War Housing Complexes in Europe The debate focuses on the challenges and strategies that have been encountered in efforts to preserve collective housing in Europe, seen as a major issue in the contemporary agenda. Symbols of architectural, technological and social aspirations, these grands ensembles of Mass Housing have nowadays begun to be appreciated by users and authorities, as integral part of the current city. Whether discussing demolition (as faced by the Smithsons´ Robin Hood Gardens and Toulouse´s Le Mirail, and commonly seen as a focus for social marginalization), or the growing phenomenon of heritagization (as implicit in the type of person now using the Marseille Unité d’Habitation), the debate today has mainly become centred on the question of: how to keep these large structures alive, while meeting contemporary standards of comfort? Characterized by adventurous experiments in the use of new materials and techniques, space creation and gender transformations, the obsolescence of these big complexes is determined on two different levels: the technical one (regarding comfort, such as thermal or acoustic, and the need for mechanical and safety improvements, as infrastructures, systems, elevators), and the functional one (involving space dimensions, organisation, orientation, and the introduction of new uses); all while complying with current regulatory standards. In addition, these buildings have frequently been intensively used and modified.

After the 3 R’s discussion (Tostões, DJ 52, 2015) on Asia and America, the aim is to address this type of question, and consider the large variety of strategies presented in this issue concerning experiences developed mainly in Switzerland, but also in France, Italy, Belgium and Portugal. We believe that this issue deserves an in-depth approach, considering Northern and Eastern Europe to be pointed out in a next DJ issue.

We wish to thank Franz Graf and Giulia Marino, for accepting the challenge to be guest editors of this DJ. Due to their painstaking and rigorous work, and to the skills of the experts who contributed with their knowledge and experience, it is possible to present this Journal, addressing such an important question.

In particular, the research conducted at TSAM — Laboratory of Techniques and Preservation of Modern Architecture, at EPFLausanne, deserves to be mentioned as an exceptional experience. Combining theoretical knowledge and technical know-how, the laboratory develops strategies for the preservation of modern architecture, including maintenance, conservation, restoration, rehabilitation, restructuring, redeployment and extension. This is exemplified in the rehabilitation plan developed for the Cité du Lignon (2008–2011) (DJ 44, 2011), which was distinguished with the Europa Nostra (2013) and SIA Awards (2014), and in the preservation process conducted at Miremont-Le-Crêt. With a not-so-happy ending, it is told the story of the Cité de L’Etoile, caught between indiscriminate demolitions and restoration efforts. Representing an important turning point in attitudes to post-WW II housing, is the case of Corviale, which had always been seen as a symbol of social failure among large-scale housing in Europe, and which now is starting to be admired and gathering support for its preservation. The evolution of doctrines on modern architecture conservation is revealed on the story of restoration conducted over the years on the iconic Marseille Unité d’Habitation, while Bloco das Águas Livres shows how different rehabilitation approaches can be addressed inside the same building. The challenges presented by modern prefabrication systems in rehabilitation processes are explored in the “EH, Evolutionary Building” prototype housing and in the Ieder Zijn Huis. Finally, landscape is presented as an approach that cannot recommend a heritagization perspective, since it is constantly changing.

The Documentation Issues section presents the amazing story of the re-birth of the Cercle de L’Ermitage in Epesses. It tells how it was possible to rediscover Sartoris´ original design, through research that managed to clarify different layers in time, functions and works of alteration. Some thoughts on conservation and museography are also discussed through André Wogenscky and Marta Pan´s House Workshop.

The need to develop sustainable sites, neighbourhoods and landscapes is one of the main issues for the 21st century. Postwar collective housing remains one of the most significant modern products representing efforts to develop architecture as a vehicle for an egalitarian society and where thousands of people still live today. The proper rehabilitation of these structures, while addressing the demands of the contemporary agenda, would represent a tremendous potential achievement, in an overall context of economic, social and environmental sustainability.

Ana Tostões
Chair of docomomo International

Zara Ferreira
Secretary General of docomomo International


The European Large Scale Heritage

Housing Reloaded Collective.Housing in Europe, 1945–2015

Georges Addor´s Housing Complexes: an Observatory on the Conservation of “Large-Scale” Heritage

The Miremont-le-Crêt: Preserving a Geneva Post-War Modern Icon

The Cité de l´Etoile, Bobigny, 1956–1963, Georges Candilis, Alexis Josic, Shadrach Woods Architects

The Controversial History of the “Steel and Glass” by Lods, Depondt and Beauclair. The GEAI Housing Estate LaGrand´Mare in Rouen (1968–2016)

“EH, Evolutionary Building” Prototype Housing at Solomeo by R. Piano & P. Rice Engineers and Architects with Gruppo Isovibro Perugia: Architectural Study and Guidelines for Conservation and Reuse

Reloaded Corviale, a City with a Single Building (1973–84). Mario Fiorentino Architect, Rome

Preserving Portuguese Modern Movement Housing. Rehabilitation and Conservation Practises in Bloco das Águas Livres as a Prominent Example

The Marseille Unité d´Habitation after Le Corbusier: Or the Chronicle of a Permanent Construction Site

Willy Van Der Meeren´s Ieder Zijn Huis: Saving a Fragile Giant

Postwar Residential Housing Landscapes in France: A Retro-Prospective Approach


Restoration of the Cercle de L’Ermitage in Epesses, Switzerland

André Wogenscky and Marta Pan´s House Workshop: Thoughts on Conservation and Museography


DoCoMoMo - 14th International Conference, Lisboa, Portugal- 6-9 Sep 2016

Adaptive Re-use. 

The Modern Movement 

Towards the Future

6-9 Sep 2016,  Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 

 Lisboa,  Portugal

14th International docomomo Conference
The Modern Movement Towards the Future
Lisbon, Portugal
1-12 September 2016


In pursuit of the mission of docomomo, as updated in the Eindhoven-Seoul Statement 2014 (, the theme of the 14thInternational docomomo Conference will be Adaptive Reuse. The Modern Movement Towards the Future: The aim is to promote the conservation and (re)use of buildings and sites of the Modern Movement, to foster and disseminate the development of appropriate techniques and methods of conservation and (re)use, and to explore and develop new ideas for the future of a sustainable built environment, based on the past experiences of the Modern Movement.

The Modern Movement has demonstrated its long term legitimacy, as a concept endowed with an extraordinary longevity. Relating technology, form and social commitment to one another, through an optimistic faith in progress, modern architects sought to attain new heights of functionality and flexibility in use. The challenge for today is how to deal with this modern legacy in relation to the continuously changing context of the current times, including physical, economic and functional changes, as well as fast-moving socio-cultural, political and scientific contextual values.

Preserving the architectural heritage of the 20th century requires us to take account both of the opportunity and the duty to reuse buildings which have lost their original function, which are physically and/or technically obsolete, and which no longer meet today´s ever-more demanding standards. Such matters as the demand for material and technology reuse and for spatial and functional transformations, and the updating of regulations concerning fire, seismic stability, user safety, energy efficiency and environmental comfort legislation, are all part of the contemporary agenda. This inevitably highlights the question of the value of the existing built fabric, which can be a strong resource that calls for our attention in terms of social, economic and environmental sustainability.

In its pursuit of the task of conserving and rebuilding, docomomo must itself be modern and sustainable in order to continue to fulfil the Modern Movement´s social and collective project, as modernity and sustainability are part of the primary nature of Modern Movement project itself. In our view, the Modern Movement still carries on today and into the future, as an ever-present social, spatial and technological project engaged with the community, constantly engaging with the challenge of creating a better place to live.

Contributions are invited to put together under discussion themes such as the interrelationship of modernity and modern heritage, economy and energy saving, the social mission of architecture and the responsibility of architects towards the future. These themes are intended to be discussed both as MoMo concepts, to be analysed chiefly through documentation, and as contemporary modern interventions, to be debated in accordance with the needs and conditions of today. As a multidisciplinary platform, this conference aims to investigate a cross-section of subjects that are raised by the challenge of preserving, renovating and transforming the Modern Movement legacy worldwide, alongside with the complex background of today´s changing times. In the end, the goal is to achieve a pluricultural comparison of standards and practices for intervention on 20
th century heritage.


lvaro Siza Vieira (Portugal)
Anne Lacaton and Jean Philippe Vassal (France)
Caruso St John Architects (United Kingdom)
Joan Busquets (Spain)
Juhani Pallasmaa (Finland)
Rem Koolhaas (Netherlands)
Winfried Brenne (Germany)


T01 Landscapes
S01 Marginal Landscape
S02 Outside In: Landscape and Building
S03 Architecture and Tourism: Rethinking Modern Leisurescapes

T02 Cities
S04 Reuse and Valorisation of Modern Architecture in Small Towns: Images, Plans, Strategies
S05 Urban Conservation, Modern Heritage and Public Policies: Towards a Sustainable Approach

T03 Public Spaces
S06 Reinventing Modern Children´s Spaces and Places
S07 Large Spaces into Specific Places. Challenges in Converting Buildings for Cultural Uses

T04 Complexes
S08 Industrial Buildings and Areas as Zones of Transformation
S09 Conservation Planning for C20 Buildings
S10 The Modern Campus: Landscape Identity and Architectural Adaptation
S11 Retrofitting the Modern: The Preservation of Post-War Social Housing Estates and their Adaptation to Contemporary Environmental Standards
S12 Revisiting African Modernism

T05 Buildings
S13 "A Mass of Tradition and Association": Reviving and Reliving the Buildings of Brutalism
S14 Conservation and Reuse of Modern Movement Houses
S15 The Modern Healthcare Architecture: Obsolescence and Transformation
S16 Intangible Heritage and Re-Design
S17 Fifty Years after the Second Vatican Council. Taking the Modern Church into the 21st Century

T06 Construction and Technology 
S18 Structures of the Modern Movement in the Post-WW II, Post-Colonial Societies
S19 Balancing Material Selection Process with Conservation
S20 Innovative Construction Experiments

T07 Interior Design and Furniture
S21 The Modern Interior - Toward a Re-Evaluation in the Context of Adaptive Reuse

08 Theory
S22 Between Theories and Practices in the Conservation of Modern Heritage
S23 CIAM Revisited
S24 Second Life: Modern Housing and the Aesthetics of Growth and Change
S25 Education for Re-Use
S26 Reuse as Activism: Towards Hybrid Strategies of Curating and Preservation of Modern Architectural Heritage
S27 docomomo International of Tomorrow
S28 Exploring Theories for Adaptivity
S29 Disruption and Continuity: the Challenge of Conversive Modernism

May-28 June 2015_Call for sessions [CLOSED].
31 July 2015_Call for sessions´ notification of acceptance [CLOSED].
3 August-18 October 2015_Call for papers [CLOSED].
30 November 2015_Call for papers´ notification of acceptance [CLOSED].
1 January 2016_Opening date for registration [CLOSED].
28 February 2016_Full paper submission deadline (1st version) [CLOSED].
Registration deadline for speakers and session chairs [CLOSED].
27 March 2016_Deadline for session chairs return papers with comments to speakers.
17 April 2016_Full paper submission deadline (final version).
1-5 September 2016_docomomo Student Workshop
6-9 September 2016_14th International docomomo Conference
10-12 September 2016_doco Tours

Ana Tostoes, Chair
Zara Ferreira, Secretary General
Joana Gouveia Alves, Researcher