Friday, December 14, 2012

ICOMOS Ethical Statement



ICOMOS, the International Council on Monuments and Sites, is the international non-governmental organisation, established in 1965 that works to promote the application of theory, methodology and scientific techniques applied to the conservation, protection and enhancement of the world's cultural heritage. It is an official advisory body to UNESCO, and to the World Heritage Committee on the implementation of the World Heritage Convention.

The world's cultural heritage includes monuments, sites and places that range from the monumental to the vernacular; from cultural landscapes with intangible values which reflect layers of social traditions, to individual sites of community importance.

ICOMOS considers that the conservation of the world's diverse cultural heritage is the responsibility and privilege of current generations as well as the privilege and right of future generations.

Its members work in a diverse range of fields, engaging with local communities and recognising the economic contribution which heritage conservation makes to local and regional development.

The object of the ICOMOS Ethical Commitment Statement is to provide a tool to improve and clarify ethical conservation practice and principles useful amongst members, Associates, non-members and communities who are active in conservation.

The Ethical Commitment Statement will be reviewed every 6 years.

Article 1:

It is an ICOMOS member's responsibility to give professional advice and act in accordance with the charters and doctrine of ICOMOS, relevant international conventions (1), recommendations of UNESCO and other relevant Acts, codes and charters to which ICOMOS is legally committed.

Article 2:

The fundamental obligation of an ICOMOS member is to advocate the conservation of monuments, sites and places so that their cultural significance is retained as reliable evidence of the past, doing as much as is necessary to care for them and support their ongoing use and maintenance but adversely affecting them as little as possible. This requires a comprehensive, holistic, dynamic and often multidisciplinary approach to guarantee authenticity and integrity and to present and interpret significance. It requires the recognition of the historical and economic role of heritage conservation in local and world development.

Article 3:

ICOMOS members respect the diverse, dynamic tangible and intangible values of places, monuments and sites that may hold different meaning for various groups and communities, enriching human culture. Members are committed to promoting effective community involvement in conservation processes, through collaborating with people or communities associated with the monument, site or place and recognising, respecting and encouraging the co-existence of diverse cultural values.

Article 4:

ICOMOS members should maintain, refine and update their knowledge of contemporary conservation philosophy, practice and techniques including relevant legal requirements, where applicable furthering their development, exchanging information and sharing experience (subject to a client's or employer's right of confidentiality). ICOMOS members can also be members of the professional organisations affiliated with their training and field of work, adhering to their relevant codes and disciplinary standards.

Article 5:

ICOMOS members promote public awareness, appreciation, access and support for heritage, fostering informed debate, education, training programmes and in particular, international information exchange. They support fellow professionals and mentor junior colleagues by promoting ethical heritage conservation practice to advance the wider understanding of conservation philosophy, standards and methods. ICOMOS Committees are open to a diversity of appropriately qualified experienced end committed applicants for membership.

Article 6:

ICOMOS members recognise that many conservation projects require an interdisciplinary approach, needing collaborative teamwork amongst professionals, technicians, administrators and craftsperson and communities.

Article 7:

ICOMOS members are committed to ensuring that conservation decisions are based on adequate knowledge and research where viable options are explored and that chosen options are justified.

ICOMOS members ensure that complete, durable and accessible records are made of the conservation process and works carried out (including diagnostic examination, monitoring techniques, managerial methods, preventive conservation and restoration intervention) on all conservation projects for which they are responsible. Such documentation should be placed in a permanent archive (such as a national library) and made publicly accessible as promptly as possible, (subject to requirements of client/employer confidentiality, security and privacy), and where this is culturally appropriate.

Article 8:

In an emergency, where heritage monuments, sites and other cultural places are in immediate danger or at risk, ICOMOS members render all assistance practicable, provided they do not put their own health in jeopardy.

Article 9:

ICOMOS members are personally and professionally accountable to their society and community for the authorship and validity of their advice, and for data collected, analyses performed and plans developed under their direction.

Article 10:

ICOMOS members actively discourage misrepresentation, false advertising and/or misuse of work and will accurately and fairly acknowledge, record and publicise the intellectual, material and practical contributions of others.

Article 11:

ICOMOS members oppose any manipulation or the concealment of results of necessary conservation work to meet outside demands. Subject to client/employer confidentiality, ICOMOS members ensure appropriate disclosure of the scope and limitations of their work, for example, limitations due to insufficient resources, budgetary constraints or other factors.

Article 12:

ICOMOS members act in an honest, impartial and tolerant manner. An ICOMOS member will always advise another member (where another member's involvement is known about) when undertaking a commission or providing a second opinion to assess or review work carried out by that member.

Article 13:

Members undertake to enhance and to uphold the dignity and reputation of ICOMOS. They conduct their professional activities in an open, honest, accountable and objective manner, avoiding bias or dishonesty. Members shall at all times avoid or publicly declare any real or apparent conflict of interest.

Article 14:

A member may not claim to act or speak on behalf of ICOMOS or one of its committees, without the authority of the relevant ICOMOS Committee.

Article 15:

Failure to observe the principles and obligations of this statement constitutes unprofessional conduct and may bring ICOMOS into disrepute. ICOMOS membership is contingent upon the member conforming to the provisions and the spirit of the Ethical Commitment Statement. Failure to observe the articles of this statement may cause sanctions against the member, including review of his/her ongoing membership.

This Statement is from time to time amended by the Executive Committee of ICOMOS and ratified by members of an ICOMOS General Assembly.


“Authenticity” depending on the nature of the cultural heritage, and its cultural context, authenticity judgements may be linked to the worth of a great variety of sources of information. Aspects of the sources may include form and design, materials and substance, use and function, traditions and techniques, location and setting, and spirit and feeling, and other external aspects of information sources. The use of these sources permits elaboration of the specific artistic, historic, social and scientific dimensions of the cultural heritage being examined (2).

“Conservation” means all the processes of looking after a place so as to retain its cultural significance. It may, according to circumstance, include the processes of retention or reintroduction of use, retention of associations and meanings, maintenance, preservation, restoration, reconstruction, adaptation and interpretation and will commonly include a combination of more than one of these(3).

“Cultural significance” means: aesthetic, historic, scientific or social value for past, present or future generations(4). Cultural significance is embodied in the place, site or monument itself, its fabric, setting, use associations, meanings, records, related places and related objects

“Values” means those beliefs, which have significance for a cultural group or an individual, often including, but not being limited to spiritual, political, religious and moral beliefs(5). Monuments, sites and places may have a range of values for different individuals or groups and values are continually renegotiated.

(1) Including the UNESCO World Heritage Convention (1972), the Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing of Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (1970), the International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites (Venice Charter) (1964) + subsequent Charters: the Florence Charter (Historic Gardens, 1981), the Charter for the Conservation of Historic Towns and Urban Areas (1987), the Charter for the Protection and Management of the Archaeological Heritage (1990), the Charter for the Protection and Management of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (1996), the International Cultural Tourism Charter (revised in 1999), the Charter on the Built Vernacular Heritage (1999), the Principles for the Preservation of Historic Timber Buildings (1999).
(2) Nara Document on Authenticity, 1994
(3) Australia ICOMOS Burra Charter, 1999
(4) Australia ICOMOS Burra Charter, 1999
(5) Australia ICOMOS Code on the Ethics of Co-existence in Conserving Significant Places, 1998

Continuity and Change

Lecture Video of Wessel de Jonge:
Continuity and Change:
Approaches to Conserving Modern Architecture Internationally

On November 15, 2012, architect Wessel de Jonge, co-founder of DOCOMOMO International, presented a lecture on the restoration and reuse of the Van Nelle Factory in Rotterdam
in Getty Conservation Center, L.A., USA.

На 15 ноември 2012 г., в Консервационния институт Гети, Лос Анджелис, САЩ,
арх. Вессел де Йонг, съ-основател на ДОКОМОМО Интернешънъл,
представи лекция за реставрацията и адаптацията на Фабриката "Ван дер Нелле" в Ротердам, Нидерландия.

Още по темата за реставрацията на наследството на Модерното движение:

Approaches to Conserving Modern Architecture in the USA

Етични дилеми при реставрацията на
модерното и съвременното изкуство
Консервационен институт Гети
Ethical Dilemas in Conservation of Modern and Contemorary Art
Getty Conservation Institute

Устойчивост и наследство в един променящ се свят
Sustainablity and Heritage in a World of Change

Monday, October 22, 2012

Designing Modern Life

Под това заглавие наскоро излезе от печат най-новият брой на

органа на международната организация DOCOMOMO International
Docomomo Journal 46 (Summer 2012)

Designing Modern Life by Ana Tostões

Why Preserve Modern Now? by Bárbara Coutinho
Visions on Furniture by Jurjen Creman
Modern Architecture and Modern Furniture by Otakar Mácêl
Mies van der Rohe’s Tugendhat House – Weightless Living by Monika Wagner
Investigation and Production of Furniture for Villa Tugendhat 2009–2012 by Miroslav Ambroz
Modernism in Finnish Furniture Design and Production by Pekka Korvenmaa
Artek and Alvar Aalto by Mia Hipeli
Metsäpaviljonski, Form Follows Wood by Cristian Suau
Charles and Ray Eames: Modern Living in a Postwar Era by Kyle Normandin
Clara Porset. A Modern Designer for Mexico by Louise Noelle
Gaston Eysselinck and his Masterpiece. The Post Office Building in Ostend (1945-1953) by Marc Dubois
Dieter Rams. Ethics and Modern Philosophy: What Legacy Today? by Klaus Klemp

Documentation Issues:
ODAM and the Construction of a Modern Spirit by Edite Rosa
Svetlovodsk: Realized Urban Utopia of the USSR by Vladislav Tyminski and Anna Kamyshan

docomomo News and Information / Tribute
Book Reviews

Designing Modern Life
Във въвеждащата статия от председателката на международната организация Ana Tostões
се акцентира значението на интериорния дизайн като ключов проблем на опазването за модерния начин на живот,
върху който се съсредоточава последната международна конференция на ДОКОМОМО Интернешънъл във Финландия (август 2012).

Целият брой на списанието
дискутира стратегиите за опазване на интериорите на модернизма
и техния критически дискурс
като път към по-пълното разбиране на този деликатен слой от културното наследство.
Като се обхваща изследването на процеса на реставрация и ноу-хау, новите модерни материали и техники се обсъждат с оглед на нови начини на опазване и новаторски решения на консервация.
Знае се, че пространството на модернизма изисква обзавеждане, подчинено на единна дизайнерска концепция, която днес се стреми да идентифицира всеки детайл с оглед процеса на реконструкция, където издирването на документацията е един от ключовете към успеха.
Накрая се отдава залуженото на финландската култура и нейния оригинален принос към дизайна. Признава се, че концепцията за органичните форми и употребата на естествените материали, развива различна насока, отчитаща сензорния и тактилен комфорт.
Тази тема следва глобалните насоки на дизайна, но е резултат от предизвикателството на финландския подход към архитектурата на Модерното движение - чрез органичния подход отдава предимство на комфорта и икономичното, на красотата и функционалността, на простотата и синтеза; като изтъква местните корени изразява духа на мястото.

Ето какво още се казва в статията:
Docomomo acknowledges the major relevance of reflecting on the Modern Movement heritage, focusing on one of the most fragile conservation issues: modern interior space namely on modern furniture and product design questions.

The aim is to contribute for the discussion that relates modern heritage and interior space, common daily life and musealization of Modern Interior Spaces, gathered underneath a global strategy, to better understand and preserve these delicate monuments. In fact, the interior space with all devices and furniture pieces is frequently not appreciated as an essential matter in safeguard interventions. That’s why 2012 docomomo Journals are devoted to interior design and furniture, discussing preservation strategies and critical reflexions.

Ranging from restoration process research and know-how, new modern materials and techniques are discussed facing up to new conservation process and innovative rehabilitation solutions, as well. One knows that Modern spatiality must require furniture conceived under a unitary design concept, which implies today to identify every detail with the aim of a reconstruction process, where research on documentation is one of the success keys.

This year of 2012, when docomomo major Conference is hosted at the Espoo Cultural Center, the stimulus of this city center settlement in connection to Otaniemi University Campus is the starting point that justifies going deeper in the relation that connects form and function, esthetics and ethics. In fact, as Gropius stated, the “design from the cup of coffee to the urban plan” ability is the motto challenge for the 12th docomomo International Conference simultaneously with Helsinki being the World Design Capital 2012 dealing with all disciplinary aspects.

Finally, this issue wishes to pay tribute to the Finnish culture and its original contribution to Design. Indeed, through the conception of organic forms and the use of natural materials, a different path has been explored answering to sensorial and tactile comfort. Following the global design idea, this theme is the result of a challenge which is related to the Finnish approach to Modern Movement architecture, namely to an organic character that privileges comfort and economy, beauty and utility, simplicity and synthesis; improving regional roots in order to fulfill the sense of the place.

Ana Tostões
Chair of docomomo International

Wednesday, October 17, 2012

Духовната сила на съзиданието

Стоилова, Л.
“Духовната сила на съзиданието:
Архитект Костадин Мумджиев (08.07.1892-25.11.1946)”,
Паметници, Реставрация, Музеи, 12 (2009): 3-10, 15.

Friday, October 5, 2012

Architect Wessel de Jonge - Continuity and Change

Continuity and Change: Approaches to Conserving Modern Architecture Internationally

Architect Wessel de Jonge, co-founder of DOCOMOMO International—the international working party for documentation and conservation of buildings, sites and neighborhoods of the Modern Movement—
will present a lecture
on the restoration and reuse of the Van Nelle Factory in Rotterdam
at the Getty Center, Harold M. Williams Auditorium, on November 15, 2012 at 7:00 pm.
Van Nelle Factory, designed by Johannes Brinkman and Leendert van der Vlugt, 1931, Rotterdam.
Photo: 2007, Kyle Normandin

The Van Nelle Factory in Rotterdam is considered an icon of Modernism.
Designed and constructed by Brinkman and Van der Vlugt in the 1920s, the factory had a huge impact on the development of modern architecture in Europe and elsewhere. It was not just its architectural style, but also its response to the social challenges of the day that made the Van Nelle factory special. It was designed on the premise that a modern, transparent, and healthy working environment in green surroundings would be good both for production and for workers' welfare.
Leendert Cornelis van der Vlugt (1894 - 1936 . Rotterdam, The Netherlands) known for his office Brinkman & Van der Vlugt - the office lasted only about ten years because van der Vlugt died in 1936 (Hodgkin's disease). Both architects had created buildings of international rank like the Van Nelle Factory in Rotterdam (1930).

Dutch architect, Wessel de Jonge, led the award winning restoration project for the adaptive reuse of the Van Nelle Factory (1999-2004). Today, the Van Nelle Design Factory provides office space for new media and design companies. The project and its team received the Europa Nostra Award, the Grand Prix of the European Union Prize for Cultural Heritage, in 2008.

Wessel de Jonge

graduated from Delft University of Technology and is a successful practicing architect and academic and co-founder of DOCOMOMO International. In addition to his large-scale rehabilitation project for the Van Nelle Design Factory his other projects include the restoration of Gerrit Rietveld's 1953 Dutch Pavilion for the Venice Biennale (1995); the rehabilitation of the 1947 former Control Tower at Amsertdam's Schiphol International Airport (2001); and the restoration of Duiker and Bijvoet's 1926-31 Zonnestraal sanatorium in Hilversum, the Netherlands, in cooperation with Henket Architects (2003).

2010 WMF/Knoll Modernism Prize goes to DOCOMOMO’s founders, 10/25/2010

World Monuments Fund/Knoll Modernism Prize Goes to Bierman Henket,
Wessel de Jonge
By Stephanie Murg
on November 1, 2010

Friday, July 27, 2012

12th International DOCOMOMO Conference / XIIта международна конференция на ДОКОМОМО

Demo - etusivulle

Оцеляването на модерното - от кафеената чашка до плана
7-10 август 2012 г.
Програмата за дните на Дванадесетата международна конференция на ДОКОМОМО

Програмата на работната среща на ДОКОМОМО